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Tutorial (JKQTPlotter): User-Interactions in JKQtPlotter

Basic Description

This project (see ./examples/test_user_interaction/) demonstrates different types of user-interactions in JKQTPlotter.

It contains a simple plot with two graphs and provides several widgets that allow to bind different user interactions to different events:

Inner Workings

The source code of the main application can be found in test_user_interaction.cpp.

The menu at the top of the window contains several of the QActions provided for user-interaction by JKQTBasePlotter:

// add some of the default QActions from the JKQTPlotter to the window menu
// Some of the are also available in the context menu and toolbar of the JKQTPlotter
// others are not
QMenu* menuPlot=menuBar()->addMenu("Plot-Menu");
QMenu* menuPlotS=menuPlot->addMenu("Save ...");
menuPlotS->addAction(plot->getPlotter()->getActionSavePDF()); // not available from JKQTPlotter by default
QMenu* menuPlotZ=menuPlot->addMenu("Zoom ...");

The rest of the form contains several Qt widgets which switch diverse aspects of the plot style (log-axes, grid on/off ...) and allow to bind different actions to several defined events, e.g.

// add a QComboBox that allows to set the left mouse button action for the JKQTPlotter
cmbLeftNoModMouseAction=new QComboBox(this);
layForm->addRow("mouse action: left-click, no modifiers", cmbLeftNoModMouseAction);
connect(cmbLeftNoModMouseAction, SIGNAL(currentIndexChanged(int)), this, SLOT(setLeftMouseAction(int)));
// ......
if (index==cmbLeftNoModMouseAction->count()-1) plot->deregisterMouseDragAction(Qt::LeftButton, Qt::NoModifier);
else plot->registerMouseDragAction(Qt::LeftButton, Qt::NoModifier, static_cast<JKQTPMouseDragActions>(index));

As you can see, this QComboBox registers one of the available actions to the event of a left-button single mouse click without having modifiers pressed at the same time. The slot that actually reconfigures the JKQTPlotter uses the methods JKQTPlotter::deregisterMouseDragAction() and JKQTPlotter::registerMouseDragAction() to achieve this effect.

Available User-Interactions

You can play around with this example to find out about different types of user interactions. SOm of them are illustrated with animations below.

Switching Graph Visibility via Context Menu

the default context menu contains a sub-menu that allows to switch every graph and and off:

Toolbar at the top of the Plot

Each JKQTPlotter contains a toolbar that is by default invisible and appears, when the mouse moves over a designated area at the top of the plot:

You can also use the checkboxes "enable toolbar" to disable this toolbar alltogether and "toolbar 'always on'" to switch the vanishing feature off and make it visible all the time.

Mouse Position Display

The JKQTPlotter contains a small text display for the current mouse position (in plot coordinates) at the top of the graph:

Drag the Plot Viewport

You can move the viewport of the graph using the mouse ("jkqtpmdaPanPlotOnMove"-action). If you drag inside the plot window, you can move in both directions, if you drag over one of the coordinate axes, you can change the range of this axis only:

Zooming with the Mouse

There are several options to zoom, using the mouse:

  • using the mouse wheel
  • with double-click actions jkqtpdcaClickZoomsOut, jkqtpdcaClickZoomsIn
  • using the context menu (or the toolbar)

Again these actions are limited to a single axis, if the mouse is above that axis (and not inside the actual plot rectangle).

Ruler/Measurement Tool

JKQTPlotter provides a pre-built ruler tool that measures x- and y-distance between the start and end point, as well as the length of the connecting line and the angle of that line.

Data ToolTip Tool

JKQTPlotter provides a pre-built tool that, while the mouse button is pressed and the cursor is dragged over the plot, finds data points (of most graphs) near the mouse and displays their coordinates (and errors) inside a small tooltip:

Drawing Geometrical Forms

You can also use the mouse to draw various geometricals forms. When you finish drawing, a single event is emitted for that form, which contains its size and position:





Context Menus

Standard Context Menu

JKQTPlotter contains a standard context menu, which is shown if plot->setContextMenuMode(jkqtpcmmStandardContextMenu); was set. It contains several standard ways of interacting with the plot, e.g. save to file, copy to clipboard, print, switch graph visibilities, ...

In addition JKQTPlotter provides several ways to customize this menu:

  • You can add additional actions to the JKQTPlotter, by calling JKQTPlotter::addAction() (i.e. using the default Qt mechanism) and/or by adding actions to the internal JKQTBasePlotter, using JKQTBasePlotter::registerAdditionalAction()
  • You can modify the menu, when it is displayed, by connecting a slot to the signal JKQTPlotter::contextMenuOPened(x,y,menu):
    connect(plot, SIGNAL(contextMenuOpened(double, double, QMenu*)), this, SLOT(contextMenuOpened(double, double, QMenu*)));
    // ...
    void TestUserInteraction::contextMenuOpened(double x, double y, QMenu *contextMenu)
    QAction* act=contextMenu->addMenu(QString("contextMenuOpened(x=%1, y=%2)").arg(x).arg(y))->addAction("user-added action");
    connect(act, &QAction::triggered, [x,y]() { QMessageBox::warning(nullptr, tr("Plot Context Menu"),
    tr("Context Menu was opened at x/y=%1/%2!").arg(x).arg(y),
    QMessageBox::Ok); });
    labMouseAction->setText(QString("contextMenuOpened(x=%1, y=%2)").arg(x).arg(y));

Special Context Menu

In addition to the standard context menu, JKQTPlotter can also be configures to display a special, user-defined context menu. To do so, call plot->setContextMenuMode(jkqtpcmmSpecialContextMenu); and set your menu, by calling plot->setSpecialContextMenu(menu). You can also combine the special menu and the standard menu, by calling plot->setContextMenuMode(jkqtpcmmStandardAndSpecialContextMenu);.

QLabel * labMouseAction
Definition: test_user_interaction.h:81
void setLeftMouseAction(int index)
void deregisterMouseDragAction(Qt::MouseButton button, Qt::KeyboardModifiers modifier)
deregisteres the mouse drag action to be executed when a mouse drag operation is initialized with the...
void contextMenuOpened(double x, double y, QMenu *contextMenu)
QComboBox * cmbLeftNoModMouseAction
Definition: test_user_interaction.h:66
Availble action this JKQtPlotter can perform when mouse events occur. This allows you to e....
Definition: jkqtptools.h:92
JKQTPlotter * plot
Definition: test_user_interaction.h:55
void registerMouseDragAction(Qt::MouseButton button, Qt::KeyboardModifiers modifier, JKQTPMouseDragActions action)
registeres a certain mouse drag action action to be executed when a mouse drag operation is initializ...